# 1 Simple Number For Understanding 3 Important Areas Of SATS Ltd’s Business

SATS Ltd  (SGX: S58) is a company with two business segments, namely, Food Solutions and Gateway Services. The former covers services such as airline catering, food distribution, and industrial catering. The latter is involved in ground handling services of passengers, flights, ferries, and cargo.

In this article, I want to dig deep into SATS’s return on equity, or ROE.

The choice of ROE

Why the ROE some of you might be asking? That’s because the financial metric gives investors important insight on a company’s ability to generate a profit using the shareholders’ capital it has.

A ROE of 20% means that a company generates \$0.20 in profit for every dollar of shareholders’ capital invested. In general, the higher the ROE, the more profitable a company is. A high ROE can also be a sign that a company has a high quality business.

That being said, it’s worth noting that the use of high leverage – which increases the financial risk faced by a company – can also increase a company’s ROE. So, that’s something to observe.

Calculating the ROE

The ROE can be calculated using the following formula, which is the way many investors do it:

ROE = Net Profit / Shareholder’s Equity

But, the ROE can also be calculated using a different approach shown below:

ROE = Asset Turnover x Net Profit Margin x Leverage Ratio

Doing so will reveal three important aspects about a company: How well it is managing its assets, how efficient it is at turning revenue into profit, and how much financial risk it could be taking on. For more information about this formula for the ROE, you can check out here.

With that, let’s turn our attention to the ROE of SATS.

The actual numbers

The asset turnover measures the efficiency of a company in using its assets to generate revenue. It is calculated by dividing a company’s total revenue by its assets. For SATS, it had total revenue of S\$1.725 billion, and total assets of S\$2.348 billion, in its fiscal year ended 31 March 2018 (FY2018). This gives an asset turnover of an acceptable 0.734.

The net profit margin measures the percentage of revenue that is left as a profit after deduction of all expenses. In FY2018, SATS had a solid net profit margin of 15.4%, given its net profit of S\$265.5 million, and revenue of S\$1.725 billion.

Lastly, we have the leverage ratio, which shows the relationship of a company’s total assets to its equity. It is calculated by dividing total assets by equity. A higher ratio means that a company is funding its assets with more liabilities, hence resulting in higher risk. In FY2018, SATS had total assets and total equity of S\$2.348 billion and S\$1.767 billion, respectively. This gives a healthy leverage ratio of 1.33.

When we put all the numbers together, we arrive at a strong ROE of 15%.

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The information provided is for general information purposes only and is not intended to be personalised investment or financial advice. Motley Fool Singapore contributor Lawrence Nga doesn’t own shares in any companies mentioned. The Motley Fool Singapore has a recommendation for SATS Ltd.