# 1 Simple Number To Understand 3 Important Areas Of ComfortDelGro Corporation Limited

ComfortDelgro Corporation Limited (SGX: C52) is a transport company with operations mainly in Singapore, Australia, the United Kingdom, and China. It is also the majority owner of vehicle and non-vehicle testing and inspection outfit Vicom Limited (SGX: V01) and bus and rail services operator SBS Transit Ltd (SGX: S61).

In this article, I want to dig deep into Comfortdelgro’s return on equity, or ROE.

The choice of ROE

Why the ROE some of you might be asking? That’s because the financial metric gives investors important insight on a company’s ability to generate a profit using the shareholders’ capital it has.

A ROE of 20% means that a company generates \$0.20 in profit for every dollar of shareholders’ capital. In general, the higher the ROE, the more profitable a company is. A high ROE can also be a sign that a company has a high quality business.

That being said, it’s worth noting that the use of high leverage – which increases the financial risk faced by a company – can also increase a company’s ROE. So, that’s something to observe.

Calculating the ROE

The ROE can be calculated commonly using the following formula:

ROE = Net Profit / Shareholder’s Equity

But, the ROE can also be calculated using a different approach shown below:

ROE = Asset Turnover x Net Profit Margin x Leverage Ratio

Doing so will reveal three important aspects about a company: How well it is managing its assets, how efficient it is at turning revenue into profit, and how much financial risk it could be taking on. For more information about this formula, you can check out here.

With that, let’s turn our attention to the ROE of Comfortdelgro.

The actual numbers

The asset turnover measures the efficiency of a company in using its assets to generate revenue. It is calculated by dividing a company’s total revenue by its assets.

For Comfortdelgro, it had a total revenue of S\$3.97 billion and total assets of S\$4.83 billion for its fiscal year ended 31 December 2017 (FY2017). This gives an asset turnover of 0.82.

The net profit margin measures the percentage of revenue that is left as a profit after deduction of all expenses. In FY2017, Comfortdelgro had a net profit margin of 8.8%, given its net profit of S\$348.9 million and revenue of S\$3.97 billion.

Lastly, we have the leverage ratio, which shows the relationship of a company’s total assets to its equity. It is calculated by dividing total assets by equity. A higher ratio means that a company is funding its assets with more liabilities, hence resulting in higher risk.

In FY2017, Comfortdelgro had total assets and total equity of S\$4.83 billion and S\$3.04 billion respectively. This gives a leverage ratio of 1.59.

When we put all the numbers together, we arrive at an ROE of 11.5%.

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The information provided is for general information purposes only and is not intended to be personalised investment or financial advice. Motley Fool Singapore contributor Lawrence Nga doesn’t own shares in any companies mentioned. Motley Fool has a recommendation for SBS Transit Ltd and Vicom Limited.