Religare Health Trust (SGX: RF1U) closed at S$0.98 per unit yesterday. Is the business trust, which owns healthcare assets in India, possibly a bargain at that price? Let’s find out. The art of value A trust’s value should be a key deciding factor for investors when it comes to making an investing decision on it. There are two main ways for investors to estimate the value of a business trust. One method works forward, in that an investor will try to estimate the growth rates that a trust will achieve in important financial metrics like its earnings per unit, distributions per unit, or cash…
Religare Health Trust (SGX: RF1U) closed at S$0.98 per unit yesterday. Is the business trust, which owns healthcare assets in India, possibly a bargain at that price? Let’s find out.
The art of value
A trust’s value should be a key deciding factor for investors when it comes to making an investing decision on it.
There are two main ways for investors to estimate the value of a business trust. One method works forward, in that an investor will try to estimate the growth rates that a trust will achieve in important financial metrics like its earnings per unit, distributions per unit, or cash flow per unit.
The other works backward, in that we can look at a business trust’s current price and work out how much growth the market’s expecting the trust to achieve. From that, we can determine if the market’s expectations are reasonable or ridiculous.
In this example, we’d be using a variant of a simple dividend discount model called the Gordon Growth Model to figure out how much growth in future distributions the market’s expecting from Religare Health Trust.
A dividend discount model is meant to value a company based on the total amount of dividends that the firm would distribute to shareholders in perpetuity; the Gordon Growth Model simply adds in a factor to account for a company’s future growth in dividends. The formula for the Gordon Growth Model is shown below:
Share Price = Expected Dividend Per Share One Year From Now / (Discount Rate – Dividend Growth Rate)
Religare Health Trust’s annual distribution for its fiscal year ended 31 March 2015 (FY2015) was 7.32 Singapore cents per unit. The distribution per unit for the first half of FY2016 came in at 3.90 Singapore cents per unit. Thus, we can assume that the trust’s distribution for FY2016 will be 7.8 Singapore cents per unit.
As for the Discount Rate, the textbook method – which follows the Capital Asset Pricing Model (it’s perfectly acceptable to not follow the CAPM when trying to estimate the value of a stock, but I’d still use the model in here for the sake of completeness) – is to incorporate the risk-free rate as well as the beta of Religare Health Trust.
The risk-free rate is normally taken to be the 10-year government bond yield; currently, the yield on a 10-year Singapore government bond is 2.47% and so, that shall be our risk-free rate.
Meanwhile, the beta of any stock is simply a measure of a stock’s volatility in relation to a broad market index; in Religare Health Trust’s case, data taken from Capital IQ has the beta figure pegged at 0.68.
With the explanations out of the way, here’s how the formula for the Discount Rate looks like:
Discount Rate = Risk Free Rate + Beta (Market Return – Risk Free Rate)
You’d notice that there’s one last variable in the Discount Rate formula which I have not discussed, and that is the Market Return.
The Market Return is simply the long-term return of the stock market as a whole. In this exercise, I’d be using the long-run return of the SDPR STI ETF (SGX: ES3), an exchange-traded fund which tracks Singapore’s market barometer, the Straits Times Index (SGX: ^STI). Since its inception in April 2002, the SPDR STI ETF has generated an annual total return (inclusive of reinvested dividends) of 7.21%.
So, when we input all the relevant figures into the Discount Rate formula, we’d end up with a Discount Rate of 5.7 % for Religare Health Trust.
The next thing we have to do now is to punch all the numbers we have obtained so far into the Gordon Growth Model. This is what we’d end up with:
0.98 = (0.078) / (0.057 – Dividend Growth Rate)
As you can see, the only variable that’s now unknown in the Gordon Growth Model is Religare Health Trust’s future growth in distribution. Some basic arithmetic would bring us to the conclusion that the market expects Religare Health Trusts distributions to decline at an annual pace of 2.25% over the long-term future.
So what’s the value?
The expected growth rate of (-2.25%) can then be used to compare against our own assessment of what Religare Health Trust may be able to achieve. For some historical context, Religare Health Trust’s DPU had decreased by 10.6% in FY2015.
So, based on all the above assumptions, if you expect Religare Health Trust to be able to grow its distributions at a faster clip than (-2.25%) annually, the trust will be undervalued at S$0.98. But, if you’re not confident at all about Religare Health Trust’s growth and think that its future distributions will shrink at an even steeper pace, then S$0.98 might be too high a price to pay.
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The information provided is for general information purposes only and is not intended to be personalised investment or financial advice. Motley Fool Singapore writer Stanley Lim doesn't own shares in any companies mentioned.