Ascendas India Trust (SGX: CY6U) closed at S$0.88 per unit on Thursday, 19 November 2015. Is the business trust, which owns IT (information technology) business parks in India, a bargain or overvalued at that price? Let’s find out.
The art of value
A REIT’s value should be a key deciding factor for investors when it comes to making an investing decision.
There are two main ways for investors to estimate the value of a REIT. One method works forward, in that an investor will try to estimate the growth rates that a REIT will achieve in important financial metrics like its distributions per unit (DPU) and/or net asset value per unit.
The other works backward, in that we can look at a REIT’s current price and work out how much growth the market’s expecting the trust to achieve. From that, we can determine if the market’s expectations are reasonable or ridiculous.
In this example, we’d be using a variant of a simple dividend discount model called the Gordon Growth Model to figure out how much growth in future distributions the market’s expecting from Ascendas India Trust.
A dividend discount model is meant to value a company based on the total amount of dividends that the firm would distribute to shareholders in perpetuity; the Gordon Growth Model simply adds in a factor to account for a company’s future growth in dividends. The formula for the Gordon Growth Model is shown below:
Share Price = Expected Dividend Per Share One Year From Now / (Discount Rate – Dividend Growth Rate)
Ascendas India Trust’s annual distribution for its fiscal year ended 31 March 2015 (FY2015) was 4.86 Singapore cents per unit. In the spirit of being conservative, we can assume that its distribution for FY2016 will be the same.
As for the Discount Rate, the textbook method – which follows the Capital Asset Pricing Model (it’s perfectly acceptable to not follow the CAPM when trying to estimate the value of a stock, but I’d still use the model in here for the sake of completeness) – is to incorporate the risk-free rate as well as the beta of Ascendas India Trust.
The risk-free rate is normally taken to be the 10-year government bond yield; currently, the yield on a 10-year Singapore government bond is 2.54% and so, that shall be our risk-free rate.
Meanwhile, the beta of any stock is simply a measure of a stock’s volatility in relation to a broad market index; in Ascendas India Trust’s case, data taken from investing research outfit Morningstar has the beta figure pegged at 0.76.
With the explanations out of the way, here’s how the formula for the Discount Rate looks like:
Discount Rate = Risk Free Rate + Beta (Market Return – Risk Free Rate)
You’d notice that there’s one last variable in the Discount Rate formula which I have not discussed, and that is the Market Return.
The Market Return is simply the long-term return of the stock market as a whole. In this exercise, I’d be using the long-run return of the SDPR STI ETF (SGX: ES3), an exchange-traded fund which tracks Singapore’s market barometer, the Straits Times Index (SGX: ^STI). Since its inception in April 2002, the SPDR STI ETF has generated a total return (inclusive of reinvested dividends) of 7.21%.
So, when we input all the relevant figures into the Discount Rate formula, we’d end up with a Discount Rate of 6.09% for Ascendas India Trust.
The next thing we have to do now is to punch all the numbers we have obtained so far into the Gordon Growth Model. This is what we’d end up with:
0.88 = (0.0486) / (0.0609 – Dividend Growth Rate)
As you can see, the only variable that’s now unknown in the Gordon Growth Model is Ascendas India Trust’s future growth in distributions. Some basic arithmetic would give us the conclusion that the market expects Ascendas India Trust’s distributions to grow at an annual pace of 0.6% over the long-term future .
So what’s the value?
The expected growth rate of 0.6% can then be used to compare against our own assessment of what Ascendas India Trust may be able to achieve. For some historical context, the business trust’s DPU has decreased by 3.2% per year on average from FY2008 to FY2015.
So, based on all the above assumptions, if you expect Ascendas India Trust to be able to grow its distributions at a faster clip than 0.6% annually, the trust will be undervalued at S$0.88. But, if you’re not confident at all about Ascendas India Trust’s growth and think that its future distribution will step up at a much slower pace, then S$0.88 might be too high a price to pay.
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The information provided is for general information purposes only and is not intended to be personalised investment or financial advice. Motley Fool Singapore contributor Stanley Lim doesn’t own shares in any companies mentioned.