Ascott Residence Trust (SGX: A68U), a real estate investment trust which owns a portfolio of serviced residences in Asia, Europe, and Australia, closed at S$1.23 per unit last Friday. Are investors getting a bargain with the REIT at that price? Let’s find out. The art of value A REIT’s value should be a key deciding factor for investors when it comes to making an investing decision. There are two main ways for investors to estimate the value of a REIT. One method works forward, in that an investor will try to estimate the growth rates that a REIT will achieve in important financial metrics…
Ascott Residence Trust (SGX: A68U), a real estate investment trust which owns a portfolio of serviced residences in Asia, Europe, and Australia, closed at S$1.23 per unit last Friday.
Are investors getting a bargain with the REIT at that price? Let’s find out.
The art of value
A REIT’s value should be a key deciding factor for investors when it comes to making an investing decision.
There are two main ways for investors to estimate the value of a REIT. One method works forward, in that an investor will try to estimate the growth rates that a REIT will achieve in important financial metrics like its distribution per unit (DPU) and net asset value per unit.
The other works backward, in that we can look at a REIT’s current price and work out how much growth the market’s expecting the trust to achieve. From that, we can determine if the market’s expectations are reasonable or ridiculous.
In this example, we’d be using a variant of a simple dividend discount model called the Gordon Growth Model to figure out how much growth in future distribution the market’s expecting Ascott Residence Trust to achieve.
A dividend discount model is meant to value a company based on the total amount of dividends that the firm would distribute to shareholders in perpetuity; the Gordon Growth Model simply adds in a factor to account for a company’s future growth in dividends. The formula for the Gordon Growth Model is shown below:
Share Price = Expected Dividend Per Share One Year From Now / (Discount Rate – Dividend Growth Rate)
Ascott Residence Trust’s annual distribution for its fiscal year ended 31 December 2014 (FY2014) was 7.61 Singapore cents per unit after adjusting for one-off items. A quick glance at the REIT’s adjusted DPU of 3.85 cents for the first-half of FY2015 would put the annualised figure for the whole of the year at 7.7 cents. That looks like a reasonable figure given that it’s not too far off from the DPU seen in 2014, so let’s stick with it for this exercise.
As for the Discount Rate, the textbook method – which follows the Capital Asset Pricing Model (it’s perfectly acceptable to not follow the CAPM when trying to estimate the value of a stock, but I’d still use the model in here for the sake of completeness) – is to incorporate the risk-free rate as well as the beta of Ascott Residence Trust.
The risk-free rate is normally taken to be the 10-year government bond yield; currently, the yield on a 10-year Singapore government bond is around 2.5% and so, that shall be our risk-free rate.
Meanwhile, the beta of any stock is simply a measure of a stock’s volatility in relation to a broad market index; in Ascott Residence Trust’s case, data taken from investing research outfit Morningstar has the beta figure pegged at 0.49.
With the explanations out of the way, here’s how the formula for the Discount Rate looks like:
Discount Rate = Risk Free Rate + Beta (Market Return – Risk Free Rate)
You’d notice that there’s one last variable in the Discount Rate formula which I have not discussed, and that is the Market Return.
The Market Return is simply the long-term return of the stock market as a whole. In this exercise, I’d be using the long-run return of the SDPR STI ETF (SGX: ES3), an exchange-traded fund which tracks Singapore’s market barometer, the Straits Times Index (SGX: ^STI). Since its inception in April 2002, the SPDR STI ETF has generated a total annual return (inclusive of reinvested dividends) of 7.11%.
So, when we input all the relevant figures into the Discount Rate formula, we’d end up with a Discount Rate of 4.76% for Ascott Residence Trust.
The next thing we have to do now is to punch all the numbers we have obtained so far into the Gordon Growth Model. This is what we’d end up with:
1.23 = (0.077) / (0.0476 – Dividend Growth Rate)
As you can see, the only variable that’s now unknown in the Gordon Growth Model is Ascott Residence Trust’s future growth in distribution. Some basic arithmetic will bring us to the conclusion that the market expects Ascott Residence Trust’s DPU to shrink at an average pace of 1.5% per year over the long-term future.
So what’s the value?
The expected growth rate of (-1.50%) can then be used to compare against our own assessment of what Ascott Residence Trust may be able to achieve. Historically, Ascott Residence Trust has seen its DPU decrease at an annual rate of 0.15% from FY2007 to FY2014.
So, based on all the above assumptions, if you expect Ascott Residence Trust to be able to grow its distributions at a faster clip than (-1.50%) annually, the trust will be undervalued at S$1.23. But, if you’re not confident at all about Ascott Residence Trust’s future and think that its distributions will continue shrinking at a steeper pace, then S$1.23 might be too high a price to pay.
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The information provided is for general information purposes only and is not intended to be personalised investment or financial advice. Motley Fool Singapore writer Stanley Lim doesn’t own shares in any companies mentioned.